Limits of Westernization: A Cultural History of America in - download pdf or read online

By Perin E. Gürel

ISBN-10: 0231182023

ISBN-13: 9780231182027

In a 2001 ballot, Turks ranked the us optimum while requested: “Which kingdom is Turkey’s ally in foreign relations?” whilst the pollsters reversed the question—“Which state is Turkey’s #1 enemy in foreign relations?”—the usa got here in moment. How did Turkey’s voters come to carry such opposing perspectives concurrently? In The Limits of Westernization, Perin E. Gürel explains this certain break up and its echoes in modern U.S.-Turkey kinfolk.

Using Turkish and English assets, Gürel maps the response of Turks to the increase of the USA as a world-ordering energy within the 20th century. As Turkey transitioned from an empire to a countryside, the country’s ruling elite projected “westernization” as an important and fascinating strength but additionally feared its cultural harm. Turkish inventory figures and figures of speech represented the United States either as an outstanding version for selective westernization and as a deadly resource of degeneration. whilst, U.S. coverage makers imagined Turkey from inside their very own civilization templates, first because the major determine of Oriental barbarism (i.e., “the bad Turk”), then, throughout the chilly warfare, nearly as good scholars of modernization idea. because the chilly battle transitioned to the conflict on Terror, Turks rebelled opposed to the recent U.S.-made trope of the “moderate Muslim.” neighborhood artifacts of westernization—folk tradition crossed with American cultural exports—and trade projections of modernity grew to become tinder for either Turkish anti-Americanism and resistance to state-led modernization tasks.

The Limits of Westernization analyzes the advanced neighborhood makes use of of “the West” to provide an explanation for how the us may well develop into either the easiest and the worst within the Turkish political mind's eye. Gürel strains how rules approximately westernization and the US have motivated nationwide historical past writing and coverage making, in addition to daily impacts and identities. Foregrounding transferring tropes approximately and from Turkey—a nearby strength that keeps to dominate American visions for the “modernization” of the center East—Gürel additionally illuminates the transnational improvement of strong political tropes, from “the negative Turk” to “the Islamic Terrorist.”

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Limits of Westernization: A Cultural History of America in Turkey (Columbia Studies in International and Global History) by Perin E. Gürel

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